Tha Brazilian and Turkish diplomacy did an extraordinary job reaching a negotiated deal with Iran. This deal will be internationally recognized and Brazil and Turkey will probably be more respected in international issues.
But, unfortunately, in international relations there isn’t much room for idealism. The following day, the U.S. reached a deal with Russia and China for the UN Security Council to impose sanctions on Iran. It really doesn’t matter how much Iran shows it’s commitment to only use nuclear power for civil energy purposes. The U.S. wants it to have no nuclear capacity at all. Iran is an geopolitically strategic country in the Middle East, and the U.S. will try to control it as much as it can.
|Iran, Turkey and Brazil declaration|
The following is a declaration agreed by Iran, Turkey and Brazilin Tehran on Monday setting out terms for a nuclear fuel swap.
JOINT DECLARATION BY IRAN, TURKEY AND BRAZIL
Having met in Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran, the undersigned have agreed on the following Declaration:
1) We reaffirm our commitment to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons and in accordance with the related articles of the NPT, recall the right of all State Parties, including the Islamic Republic of Iran, to develop research, production and use of nuclear energy (as well as nuclear fuel cycle including enrichment activities) for peaceful purposes without discrimination.
2) We express our strong conviction that we have the opportunity now to begin a forwardlooking process that will create a positive, constructive, non-confrontational atmosphere leading to an era of interaction and cooperation.
3) We believe that the nuclear fuel exchange is instrumental in initiating cooperation in different areas, especially with regard to peaceful nuclear cooperation including nuclear power plant and research reactors construction.
4) Based on this point the nuclear fuel exchange is a starting point to begin cooperation and a positive constructive move forward among nations. Such a move should lead to positive interaction and cooperation in the field of peaceful nuclear activities replacing and avoiding all kinds of confrontation through refraining from measures, actions and rhetorical statements that would jeopardize Iran’s rights and obligations under the NPT.
5) Based on the above, in order to facilitate the nuclear cooperation mentioned above, the Islamic Republic of Iran agrees to deposit 1200 kg LEU in Turkey. While in Turkey this LEU will continue to be the property of Iran. Iran and the IAEA may station observers to monitor the safekeeping of the LEU in Turkey.
6) Iran will notify the IAEA in writing through official channels of its agreement with the above within seven days following the date of this declaration. Upon the positive response of the Vienna Group (US, Russia, France and the IAEA) further details of the exchange will be elaborated through a written agreement and proper arrangement between Iran and the Vienna Group that specifically committed themselves to deliver 120 kg of fuel needed for the Tehran Research Reactor (TRR).
7) When the Vienna Group declares its commitment to this provision, then both parties would commit themselves to the implementation of the agreement mentioned in item 6. Islamic Republic of Iran expressed its readiness to deposit its LEU (1200 kg) within one month. On the basis of the same agreement the Vienna Group should deliver 120 kg fuel required for TRR in no later than one year.
8 ) In case the provisions of this Declaration are not respected Turkey, upon the request of Iran, will return swiftly and unconditionally Iran’s LEU to Iran.
|US: Deal reached on Iran sanctions|
Members of the UN security council have agreed on a package of strong new sanctions to impose on Iran over its disputed nuclear programme, Hillary Clinton, the US secretary of state, announced.
Clinton told a US Senate committee that the permanent members of the security council along with Germany would send a new draft resolution to the entire council on Tuesday.
Al Jazeera’s Patty Culhane, reporting from Washington DC, said the Senate hearing was supposed to be about a nuclear deal between the US and Russia.
“But then all of a sudden [Clinton] announces that the security council has worked out this round of sanctions, and that in her words it would send an unmistakable message to the developments in Iran.”
Clinton said the deal had been reached in cooperation with China and Russia, who have previously resisted calls for a new round of sanctions.
“We don’t know what’s in these sanctions but we do know that they’re going to circulate around the UN,” our correspondent said.
“The fact that [Clinton] pointed out that China and Russia were on board is a big deal for the US, because that was the biggest concern for the Obama administration.”
In her comments on Tuesday, Clinton said Iran was trying to deflect pressure with the fuel swap deal it agreed to on Monday.
Iran and non-permanent security council members Brazil and Turkey said they had agreed on a confidence-building plan for Iran to swap nuclear materials that many believed would blunt the US-led drive for a fourth round of UN penalties on Iran.
The agreement calls for Iran to ship 1,200kg of low-enriched uranium to Turkey, in return for higher-enriched nuclear fuel for a medical research reactor.
Clinton’s announcement on Tuesday came despite an appeal from Recep Tayyip Erdogan, the Turkish prime minister, for the international community to support the fuel swap deal.
“I urge the international community to support the final declaration for the sake of world peace,” Erdogan told a press conference in Spain.
“There is a unique chance before us and I believe we should take this chance.”
But Clinton said it was not an “accident that Iran agreed” to the fuel swap as the US was preparing to move forward with sanctions.
“This announcement is as convincing an answer to the efforts undertaken by Tehran over the last few days as any we could provide,” Clinton told the Senate Foreign Relations Committee.
“There are a number of unanswered questions regarding the announcement coming from Tehran.
“While we acknowledge the sincere efforts of both Turkey and Brazil to find a solution regarding Iran’s standoff with the international community over its nuclear program, we are proceeding to rally the international community on behalf of a strong sanctions resolution that will in our view send an unmistakable message about what is expected from Iran.”
The US and its allies say that Iran wants highly enriched uranium to make an atomic weapon, but Tehran says its nuclear programme is simply designed to meet its civilian energy needs.